Relaparotomy after Cesarean Section in a Tertiary Center

  • Sandesh Poudel Paropakar maternity and womn's hospital, Kathmandu Nepal
  • Shree Prasad Adhikari Paropakar maternity and womn's hospital, Kathmandu Nepal
  • Snigdha Rai Paropakar maternity and womn's hospital, Kathmandu Nepal
  • Sangeeta Mishra Paropakar maternity and womn's hospital, Kathmandu Nepal
  • Renuka Tamrakar Chitwan Medical College Bharatpur Chitwan


Background: Relaparotomy after cesarean section is associated with
significant maternal morbidity and mortality which can be prevented with
proper precaution during the primary surgery. The objective of the study
was to determine factors associated with relaparotomy after cesarean
Methods: A hospital based descriptive cross sectional study conducted
by analyzing the records of 3 years from 1st July 2017 to 30th June 2020,
among the women who underwent relaparotomy after cesarean section
at Paropakar Maternity and Women’s Hospital, Kathmandu.
Results: There were 21,270 cesarean sections among 64,475 deliveries
with the mean incidence of 32.6%. A total of 22 patients underwent
relaparotomy out of which 18 had their primary surgery performed at our
hospital i.e. 0.08% of the total caesarean section, and 4 cases were referred
from peripheries. 60% of primary surgery were done by residents and
the commonest indications of primary surgery were previous CS (36.3%)
and obstructed labor (27.2%). Primary PPH was the major indication
for laparotomy (31.8%) with mean interval from primary surgery of 4.7
hours followed by burst abdomen (22.7%) and secondary PPH (18.1%).
Hysterectomy was the commonest operative intervention done during
relaparotomy accounting for 45.4% followed by tension suture for burst
abdomen (18%). There were 2 maternal death among them which were
due to aspiration pneumonia following eclapmsia and DIC.
Conclusion: Relaparotomy has increased risk of adverse maternal outcome
but still is a lifesaving intervention. Early recognition, timely intervention
and multidisciplinary teamwork helps to decrease the complications
associated with it.

How to Cite
Poudel, S., Adhikari, S. P., Rai, S., Mishra, S., & Tamrakar, R. (2021). Relaparotomy after Cesarean Section in a Tertiary Center. Europasian Journal of Medical Sciences, 3(1), 6-11. Retrieved from
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