Pediatrics Germ Cell Tumors: A Ten Year Audit in a Cancer Center of Nepal

  • Krishna Sagar Sharma
  • S Mehta
  • Sabita Panthi
  • Jitendra Pariyar
Keywords: Germ cell tumor, Gestational Trophoblastic disease


Introduction: Pediatric Germ cell tumors are rare disease in pediatric and adolescent age group. Germ cell tumors
are the most frequently found malignancies which are highly chemosensitive. GCTs are curable if diagnosed and
treated adequately even in resources poor setting in resource constraints countries like Nepal.
Objective: To study the clinicopathological profile and treatment outcome of Pediatrics Germ cell tumors (GCTs)
among children and adolescent group seeking treatment at B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital (BPKMCH),
Methodology: Descriptive study was done at BPKMCH Nepal. All available case records of pediatric and adolescent
girls diagnosed to have GCTs from 2002 to 2011 were collected and analyzed in terms of age, clinical features,
malignancy types, treatment modalities and outcome.
Results: Total 70 girls were with female gynecological malignancy. There are 46 (76.66%) with ovarian
malignancies. Among the ovarian cancers, 42 had malignant germ cell cancer (91.3%) among all ovarian
malignancies which are enrolled in the study. The commonest presentation was abdominal distension and pain in
70%. Onset of symptoms ranged from three days to 730 days (mean 95 days). Disease stage at presentation was
early stage 18 (30%) and advanced disseminated disease 42 (70%). In treatment modality, 8 (13.33%) underwent
fertility sparing surgery only, 21(35%) underwent chemotherapy only and 31(51.66%) underwent multimodality
treatment. 82.5% patients who were completed recommended treatment were cured.
Conclusion: Malignant germ cell cancer is the commonest ovarian malignancies among pediatric and adolescent
girls. Early presentation and prompt appropriate treatment would offer chances of cure even with preservation of