Awareness of Cardiovascular Health among Adults Residing in a Municipality in Kathmandu District, Nepal

  • Samiksha Subedee
  • Muna Sharma
Keywords: Community, Heart Disease, Knowledge, Kathmandu, Nepa


Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of high disability adjusted life years and premature death,accounting disability among 43% of cases. If there is public awareness, most of the cardiovascular diseases can be prevented with modification of behavioral risk factors.Therefore, this study was conducted to find out the peoples’ awareness oncardiovascular health.

Methods: A cross-sectional design was used. Data was collected using an in-personinterview techniqueamong randomly selected236 adults residing in Budhanilkantha Municipality of Kathmandu District. Semi-structured interview schedule based on WHO Stepwise approach and literature review was used to collect data. Data analyzed usingdescriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, median, Inter Quartile Range)and inferences were drawn with an application of the chi-square test, and Fisher’s exact test.

Results: Among 236 participants,most (85.6%) of the adults had an adequate level of awareness regarding cardiovascular health. However, around 80% of them were unaware of radiating pain as a symptom of heart attack and around 40% of adults did not recognize high blood sugar and dyslipidemia as risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Awareness of cardiovascularhealth was significantly associated with educational level (p<0.001), ethnicity (p=0.021), self-reported morbidities (p=0.044) and family history of morbidities (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Although adults were aware of cardiovascular health, most of them did not know that control of blood sugar and blood cholesterol are necessary to maintain cardiovascular health. Hence, awareness programs targeting these aspects would be beneficial.