Clinical Characteristics, Maternal and Fetal Outcomes of Pregnant Women with COVID-19

  • Sushma Lama
  • Padma Gurung
  • Binita Pradhan
  • Sushila Todi
  • Anagha Pradhan Malla
Keywords: COVID-19;, outcome, pregnancy, reverse transcriptase PCR


Background: Pregnant woman are more vulnerable to COVID infection due to physiological changes in the immune and cardiopulmonary system. The aim of the study is to assess the clinical characteristics, maternal and fetal outcomes of pregnant patients with COVID-19 in Patan hospital.

Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectionalstudy conducted in Patan hospital from 1 August 2020 to30July 2021 following approval from ethical committee. The study population comprised of all pregnant women with COVID-19 diagnosed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction test. There were total of 171 cases. The data were obtained from medical records and hospital database system. The statistical analysis was done by using SPSS version 16.

Results: In Patan hospital, there were a total of 171 patients who were COVID-19positive by PCR test. There were total deliveries of 4,277 during one year period and hence the incidence was 3.99%. There were101 (59.06%) caesarean section and 70 (40.93%)vaginal deliveries among which one was vacuum assisted delivery. There were two peripartum hysterectomies. Majority of the patients were asymptomatic, common symptoms were cough 29 (16.95%), fever 27 (15.78%) and shortness of breath 13 (7.6%). Prematurity was the common fetal complicationseen in 28 (16.37%) of the cases. Maternal mortality was seen in 7(4.09%) patients. Conclusions: COVID-19 is associated with increase maternal morbidity and mortality. Symptoms can be from mild form to muchmore severe course of illness. Proper treatment and timely referral of severe cases to higher center can improve both maternal and fetal outcomes in COVID-19 in pregnancy