The Pattern of Injury from Road Traffic Accident Presenting at Emergency Department of Kathmandu Medical College

  • Anu Kushwaha Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital, Sinamangal, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Pankaj Singh Kathmandu University of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepa


Background: Road traffic accidents are the major public health problem. The objective of the study was to analyze road traffic accidents presenting in Kathmandu Medical College Emergency Department.
Methods: The data from all consecutive road traffic accident cases brought to Emergency Department Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital were collected from 2018 Jan-2018 June. Factors like age of the patients, time of the accident, influence of illicit substances and type of injury were documented.
Results: Males (74) were common victims than the females (26). Eldest patient was 65 years of the age while youngest patient was 4 years. Most common type of injury was fracture in male 28 (37%)and laceration in females8 (38%). Alcohol intoxication was evident by positive alcohol smell test in 10 (13.6%) males and 6(23%) females. 
Conclusions: Road traffic accidents are major health concern in Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital and preventive measures should be considered to reduce such health burden. 
Keywords: Alcohol; Injury;Pattern; RTA.

Original Article