Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotics Use and its Resistance Among Medical Students in A Tertiary Care Hospital

  • Ruchi Shrestha Department of Pharmacology, Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Kavrepalanchok, Nepal



Introduction: Antimicrobial resistance is an urgent and serious global health problem, demanding considerable attention from health care professionals worldwide. The unavoidable consequence of the widespread use of these agents has been the reason for emergence of antibiotic resistant pathogens, leading to increase in need for new drugs. This study aims to assess knowledge, attitude and practice towards antibiotics use and its resistance in undergraduate medical students.

Methods: A descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted among 228 undergraduate medical students studying in Universal College of Medical Sciences in February, 2018. Data was collected through self administered questionnaire and was entered in Statistical Package for Social Sciences 2016. Descriptive statistical analysis was carried out to find out knowledge, attitude and practice on antibiotics use and its resistance on medical students.

Results: The mean knowledge, attitude and practice score towards antibiotics use among students was 7.44±1.26, 3.35±1.12 and 5.06±1.45 respectively. Out of total students, only 39 (17.1%) had good knowledge and practice whereas 114 (50%) had good attitude towards antibiotics use. Approximately all 224 (98.2%) students were aware that antibiotics are useful for bacterial infection. Fifty two (22.8%) students said that antibiotics are safe drugs, therefore can be used commonly.

Conclusions: Although half of the students had good attitude, majority had moderate knowledge and practice towards antibiotics use. Adequate educational training should be provided to future doctors regarding proper prescribing, dispensing and usage of antibiotics.

Keywords: antibiotics; attitude; knowledge; medical students.

Original Article